Persian handmade rugs are renowned for their intricate designs, durability, and vibrant colors. The colors used in Persian rugs are obtained from natural dyes, which have been used for centuries to color fabrics and textiles. In this blog, we will discuss the natural dyes used to color Persian handmade rugs and the substances used to create these colors.
Historically, natural dyes were obtained from various sources, such as plants, insects, and minerals. These dyes were used to color a variety of materials, including textiles, pottery, and even food. In Persia, natural dyes were used to color handmade rugs and carpets, which were prized for their beauty and durability.
The most commonly used natural dyes in Persian handmade rugs include:
Indigo – This deep blue dye is obtained from the leaves of the indigo plant. The leaves are fermented and then oxidized to produce a blue pigment. Indigo is often used to create the blue shades in Persian rugs.
Madder – Madder is a red dye that is obtained from the roots of the madder plant. The roots are ground into a powder and then boiled in water to produce a red pigment. Madder is often used to create shades of red in Persian rugs.
Walnut – The hulls of the walnut tree are used to produce a brown dye. The hulls are crushed and boiled in water to produce a brown pigment. This dye is often used to create the brown shades in Persian rugs.
Pomegranate – Pomegranate skins are used to produce a yellow dye. The skins are boiled in water to produce a yellow pigment. Pomegranate dye is often used to create yellow shades in Persian rugs.
Cochineal – Cochineal is a red dye that is obtained from the bodies of insects. The insects are dried and then ground into a powder to produce a red pigment. Cochineal is often used to create bright red shades in Persian rugs.
Turmeric – Turmeric is a yellow dye that is obtained from the roots of the turmeric plant. The roots are ground into a powder and then boiled in water to produce a yellow pigment. Turmeric is often used to create yellow shades in Persian rugs.
To create these natural dyes, the substances are first harvested and then prepared using various techniques. The preparation process can involve crushing, boiling, fermenting, or even exposing the substances to sunlight. The dye is then applied to the wool using various techniques, including immersion dyeing, painting, and printing.
In conclusion, natural dyes are an important part of the Persian rug-making tradition. The use of natural dyes not only produces vibrant colors but also makes Persian handmade rugs more durable and long-lasting. By using natural dyes, Persian rug-makers are also contributing to the preservation of traditional dyeing techniques and supporting sustainable practices.